Improved river basin planning and management under the National Water Resources Management Project Phase - 1
Under the “National Water Resources Management Project Phase 1” financed by the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation, to date a lot of work was performed, in particular on Component 1: Strengthening national water management capacity, subcomponent 1.3. Improved river basin planning and management, the work on identification of the hydrological boundaries of river basin management units (BMUs) of the country is ongoing, in each of which multisectoral advisory councils will be established.
Under the subcomponent also work on support of the establishment of small technical SUs for the river basin planning and management in each BMU and HO through reassignment of staff is ongoing. These units will support the BCs that are formed in each BMU to guide the planning and development of the basins.
Under the same subcomponent, a simple permitting system for water intake to replace the old system that was abolished in October 2012 is being developed and preparation of proposal for the Government, as well as a system for charging and collecting fees for the use of water resources in order to support water resources management.
Strengthening the Water Resources Analysis and Planning Unit within the DWRLI. The structure of the DWRLI subdivision on Water Resources Management (WRM) will be reviewed in the expanded Water Resources Analysis and Planning Unit (WRAP) for processing, analyzing and storing water information and supporting the work of the five river Basin Councils on river basin planning.
The capacity of this unit will be strengthened in the analysis in three main areas: (i) international water resources; (ii) water information; and (iii) river basin planning.
Based on the Order of DWRLI with reference #87 dated August 2, 2016, a working group among the staff of DWRLI and the PIU was established to identify the functions, the structure of the DWRLI subdivision on water resources management in the expanded WRAP unit.
Four meetings of the working group were held, at which the developed design of the WRAP unit was reviewed, its structure, a workshop on river basin planning issues, to review the draft “Guidelines for the preparation of river basin plans; information on the current work on modeling using the WEAP software; were introduced with the draft development of a methodology for the classification and water objects and water management schemes coding for the use of codes in the information system.
Identification of river Basin Management Units boundaries and drafting river basins maps.
According to Article 5 of the Water Code of the Kyrgyz Republic, water resources management and river basin approach is carried out within the boundaries of the main river basin by hydrographic principle, in each main river basin, the Basin Water Administration (BWA) and the Basin Council (BC) should be established.
The boundaries of the five water basins and sub-basins that coincide with the watersheds of water objects with sections of state borders are being clarified, which will be submitted for approval to the upcoming meeting of the NWC.
Basin councils. According to the Water Code of the Kyrgyz Republic two types of river basin organizations shall be established: state – Basin Water Administrations and public – Basin Councils.
Basin Councils coordinate activities in water sector, approve compositions of river basin and local irrigation and drainage commissions, develop and implement river Basin plans.
According to the Water Code of the Kyrgyz Republic, the chairman of the basin council is a head of OVK (head of BWA), as a deputy chairman of BC can be elected any member among the BC members.
PIU has formed and resumed the work of the four Basin Councils:
- On December 8, 2016 in Bishkek city in conference room of the Dostuk hotel the regular meeting of the Chui Basin Council was held;
- On February 17, 2017 in Talas city in conference room of the Kerben-Palace hotel the regular meeting of the Talas Basin Council was held;
- On March 16, 2017 in conference room of the Aurora-Issyk-Kul hotel the first meeting of Issyk-Kul Basin Council was held.
- On June 8, 2017 in Jalal-Abad city in conference room of the Dastan hotel the meeting of Nizhne-Naryn Basin Council was held.
According to Article 10 of the Water Code of the Kyrgyz Republic the list of stakeholders shall include representatives of BWA, territorial structures of the state bodies, representatives of local state administration, NGO, as well as water users, including WUA.
Participation of each of the stakeholders allows to identify and formulate existing issues in all sectors, prioritize and determine possible solutions, taking into account the interests of each.
Drafting preliminary river basin water management activities plan. Lists of Basin Councils members among the representatives of all stakeholders were approved, who related to river basin water resources management and working groups on development of river Basin plan were formed.
Training modules were developed (prioritization for river basin planning, ranking and identification of the most priority issues, forming tree of issues based on register of problems, forming objectives and tasks and development of river basin plan activities). Draft Manual on preparation of river Basin plans was developed.
The sections of physico-geographical conditions for the text of the Chui River Basin Plan were formed, the work on identification of the amount of water resources in the Chu river basin is being completed. An analysis and a review of the current situation of the Talas and Issyk-Kul river basins is carried out.
At present, models of the Chui and Talas, Issyk-Kul and Nizhne-Naryn River basins were created in the first approximation. Work on creation of models of the Verkhne-Naryn and Kichi-Alai River basins is ongoing. Information support for 5 river basins is created. Electronic maps which characterizing the surface and groundwater of the Chui, Talas, Issyk-Kul and Nizhne-Naryn River basins were created. Work on creation of electronic maps of the Verkhne-Naryn and Kichi-Alai River basins is ongoing.
Roadmap on implementation of Water Code. The Roadmap was approved by the National Water Council in February 2013. The Roadmap plans long-term and medium-term goals for the implementation of the Water Code and lists the special steps necessary to achieve these goals. The Roadmap was not fully implemented for a number of reasons. Therefore, in connection with the emergence and aggravation of new challenges in setting of Sustainable Development Goals – 2030 and the need to identify ways to develop the water sector, to date the steps and objectives are being revised, which were identified in the Roadmap for the period from 2018 to 2022, with subsequent approval by the NWC.
The Project Implementation Unit makes every effort to achieve the goals and objectives under the component.